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Genome-wide analysis of nearly all the victims of a 6200 year old massacre
#1
Оказва се, че следи от масово избиване на население през Халколита не е имало само на Юнаците и други места в България, но е намерено едно 4200пр.н.е и в Поточани, Хърватия. Масовото изследване на костите доказва, че не са само мъже, избити в битка, или мигранти, нещо по-различно от останалите през Халколита. Защо са избити, остава мистерия.

Genome-wide analysis of nearly all the victims of a 6200 year old massacre

Abstract
Paleogenomic and bioanthropological studies of ancient massacres have highlighted sites where the victims were male and plausibly died all in battle, or were executed members of the same family as might be expected from a killing intentionally directed at subsets of a community, or where the massacred individuals were plausibly members of a migrant community in conflict with previously established groups, or where there was evidence that the killing was part of a religious ritual. Here we provide evidence of killing on a massive scale in prehistory that was not directed to a specific family, based on genome-wide ancient DNA for 38 of the 41 documented victims of a 6,200 year old massacre in Potočani, Croatia and combining our results with bioanthropological data. We highlight three results: (i) the majority of individuals were unrelated and instead were a sample of what was clearly a large farming population, (ii) the ancestry of the individuals was homogenous which makes it unlikely that the massacre was linked to the arrival of new genetic ancestry, and (iii) there were approximately equal numbers of males and females. Combined with the bioanthropological evidence that the victims were of a wide range of ages, these results show that large-scale indiscriminate killing is a horror that is not just a feature of the modern and historic periods, but was also a significant process in pre-state societies.


Генетичния анализ доказва предимно анадолски фермери с малък примес на европейски ловци-събирачи. Хаплорупите са характерни за неолита - G2a, I2a1 и C-V20.

[Снимка: journal.pone.0247332.g003]

Master ID mtDNA haplogroup if ≥2 coverage or published (merged data or consensus if not available) Y-chromosome haplogroup (from merged data)

I10045 H13b1+200 G2a2b2a1(xG2a2b2a1a1a,G2a2b2a1a1b,G2a2b2a1a1c1a,G2 a2b2a1a1c2)
I10046 N1a1a1a3,N1a1a1a3 G2a2b2a1(xG2a2b2a1a1a1,G2a2b2a1a1a2a,G2a2b2a1a1b,G 2a2b2a1a1c1a,G2a2b2a1a1c2)
I10047 U2+152C+3173A+3394C+4562G+6827C+7364G+8134C+8776A+ 9761T+10187C+15061G+15776G+16092C+16179T+16274A G2a2a1a(xG2a2a1a2)
I10048 U5b2c G2a2b2a1a1c(xG2a2b2a1a1c1,G2a2b2a1a1c2)
I10049 U2+152C+3173A+3394C+4562G+6827C+7364G+8134C+8776A+ 9761T+13708A+15061G+15776G+16179T+16274A G2a2b2a1(xG2a2b2a1a1a,G2a2b2a1a1b,G2a2b2a1a1c1,G2a 2b2a1a1c2)
I10050 T2b n./a (female)
I10052 U5b1d1 n./a (female)
I10053 H5b G2a2a1a2(xG2a2a1a2a)
I10054 H+16093C,H+16093C G2a2b2a1a1c(xG2a2b2a1a1c1,G2a2b2a1a1c2)
I10055 K1a1 n./a (female)
I10056 K1a3a n./a (female)
I10057 H7 n./a (female)
I10058 K1b1b1 G2a2b2a1a(xG2a2b2a1a1c1a)
I10061 H5 G2a2b2a1(xG2a2b2a1a1a1,G2a2b2a1a1a2a,G2a2b2a1a1a4, G2a2b2a1a1b,G2a2b2a1a1c1a,G2a2b2a1a1c2)
I10062 HV+16311C+13356C I2a1a(xI2a1a2)
I10063 H C1a2(xC1a2a1)
I10064 J1 n./a (female)
I10065 H42 n./a (female)
I10067 H4a1 n./a (female)
I10068 T1a2 G2a2b2a1a1a(xG2a2b2a1a1a1,G2a2b2a1a1a2,G2a2b2a1a1a 4)
I10069 T2f n./a (female)
I10070 K1a3a,K1a3a n./a (female)
I10071 H26 n./a (female)
I10072 N1a1a1+152T+11884A I2a1a(xI2a1a2)
I10074 K1a3a n./a (female)
I10271 T2b23 I2a2
I10272 T2b+16311 n./a (female)
I10273 N1a1a1a2 n./a (female)
I10274 ..,T2b+150 C(xC1a1a1a,C1b3,C2)
I10275 T2b n./a (female)
I10291 T2b23 n./a (female)
I10292 .. n/a (<50000 SNPs)
I10293 H4a1 n./a (female)
I10294 H+16093C,H+16093C G2a2b2a1a1c(xG2a2b2a1a1c1,G2a2b2a1a1c2)
I10295 T2b n/a (<50000 SNPs)
I10297 X2b,X2b n./a (female)
I10299 K1a4a1 n./a (female)
I10303 N1a1a1+152T+189G+338T+10143A+10707G+11884A n./a (female)
МтДнк: Т2
 
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#2
Това е линка:

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/articl...ne.0247332
МтДнк: Т2
 
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#3
То е ясно, винаги като има застудяване или засушаване или и двете започват миграционни вълни и геноцид в локален, регионален или континентален мащаб. Борба за жизнено пространство, като на места костите си оставят нашествениците, а на други-местните. нашествениците носят нови гени, но и нови болести, като на новите места намират нови за тях болести, към които местните имат имунитет. За това в тия времена преселенията са от Север на Юг, и от Изток на Запад.
EU-92
R-YP617*(341019,YF02433)
E-V13-BY4523(364883, YF05703)
R1a-Z93-Y15121-Y5271*(364878, YF06450)
J2a-M67-PH2758(366674, YSEQ2606)
J2a-L25-PF5350*(364879, YSEQ2347)
E-V13-FGC11450*(407620,YSEQ3598)
I2a-Y3548*(366675, YF07848)
I2a-Y3548*(414297, YF07821)
U4c1a
 
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#4
Интересно кой ги е избил рано е за степняци трябва или ловците или друга група фермери да са свършили тая работа което отново разбива идеята на Мария Гимбутас за мирната матриархална стара европа.
 
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#5
Геномите вече са публикувани и на Андрогеника са определени по-дълбоко хаплогрупите. Нито една не е намерена при съвременни българи.

Most of G samples seem to belong to clade G2a2b2a1a1c-CTS342>pre-PF4202.
https://www.yfull.com/tree/G-PF4202/

I10047 is lower coverage sample, but consistent with belonging to G2a2a1-PF3148>PF3177>FGC34725/FGC34625
https://www.yfull.com/tree/G-FGC34725/
This result shouldn't come as a surprise, since we already have FGC34725 in two earlier Neolithic samples from the neighbourhood: Starčevo_EN sample VC3-2 (5615-5476 BC) from Vinča-Belo Brdo and Vinča_MN sample I1131 (4605-4460 BC) from Gomolava. Three Iberian samples spanning Early to Late Neolithic also belong to this clade: MUR (5245-5025 BC) from Murcielagos de Zuheros, Andalusia; CA122A (3330-2885 BC) from Cabeco da Arruda I, Portugal and I11305 (3400-2500 BC) from Cova de la Guineu, Font-rubí, Barcelona.

I10062 and I10072 are I2a1a1-S21825>Y4213>(pre?)Y4192 (xL1287,M838)
https://www.yfull.com/tree/I-Y4192/
МтДнк: Т2
 
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