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Testing Central and Inner Asian admixture among contemporary Hungarians

Abstract
Historically, the Carpathian Basin was the final destination for many nomadic peoples who migrated westward from Inner and Central Asia towards Europe. Proto-Hungarians (Steppe Magyars) were among those who came from the East, the Eurasian Steppe in the early middle ages. In order to detect the paternal genetic contribution from nomadic Steppe tribes, we tested 966 samples from Central Asian (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan), Inner Asian (Mongolians and Buryats in Mongolia) and Hungarian-speaking European (Hungarian, Sekler and Csango) populations. We constructed median-joining networks of certain haplogroups in Hungarian-speaking European, and Altaic-speaking Central and Inner Asian populations. We estimated that the possible paternal genetic contribution from the above described populations among contemporary Hungarian speaking populations ranged between 5% and 7.4%. It is lowest among Hungarians from Hungary (5.1%), while higher among Hungarian-speaking groups in Romania, notably Sekler (7.4%) and Csango (6.3%). However, these results represent only an upper limit. Actual Central/Inner Asian admixture might be somewhat lower as some of the related lineages may have come from a common third source. The main haplogroups responsible for the Central/Inner Asian admixture among Hungarians are J2*-M172 (xM47, M67, M12), J2-L24, R1a-Z93; Q-M242 and E-M78. Earlier studies showed very limited Uralic genetic influence among Hungarians, and based on the present study, Altaic/Turkic genetic contribution is also not significant, although significantly higher than the Uralic one. The conclusion of this study is that present-day Hungarian speakers are genetically very similar to neighbouring populations, isolated Hungarian speaking groups having relatively higher presence of Central and Inner Asian genetic elements. At the same time, the reliable historical and genetic conclusions require an extension of the study to a significantly larger database with deep haplogroup resolution, including ancient DNA data.

FSI Genetics March 2015Volume 15, Pages 121–126.

Нещо не ми е ясно защо J2*-M172, E-M78 и J2-L24 са обявени за централноазиатски. Huh
(02-07-2016, 12:24 PM)jingiby Писа: [ -> ]Testing Central and Inner Asian admixture among contemporary Hungarians

Abstract
Historically, the Carpathian Basin was the final destination for many nomadic peoples who migrated westward from Inner and Central Asia towards Europe. Proto-Hungarians (Steppe Magyars) were among those who came from the East, the Eurasian Steppe in the early middle ages. In order to detect the paternal genetic contribution from nomadic Steppe tribes, we tested 966 samples from Central Asian (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan), Inner Asian (Mongolians and Buryats in Mongolia) and Hungarian-speaking European (Hungarian, Sekler and Csango) populations. We constructed median-joining networks of certain haplogroups in Hungarian-speaking European, and Altaic-speaking Central and Inner Asian populations. We estimated that the possible paternal genetic contribution from the above described populations among contemporary Hungarian speaking populations ranged between 5% and 7.4%. It is lowest among Hungarians from Hungary (5.1%), while higher among Hungarian-speaking groups in Romania, notably Sekler (7.4%) and Csango (6.3%). However, these results represent only an upper limit. Actual Central/Inner Asian admixture might be somewhat lower as some of the related lineages may have come from a common third source. The main haplogroups responsible for the Central/Inner Asian admixture among Hungarians are J2*-M172 (xM47, M67, M12), J2-L24, R1a-Z93; Q-M242 and E-M78. Earlier studies showed very limited Uralic genetic influence among Hungarians, and based on the present study, Altaic/Turkic genetic contribution is also not significant, although significantly higher than the Uralic one. The conclusion of this study is that present-day Hungarian speakers are genetically very similar to neighbouring populations, isolated Hungarian speaking groups having relatively higher presence of Central and Inner Asian genetic elements. At the same time, the reliable historical and genetic conclusions require an extension of the study to a significantly larger database with deep haplogroup resolution, including ancient DNA data.

FSI Genetics March 2015Volume 15, Pages 121–126.

Нещо не ми е ясно защо J2*-M172, E-M78 и J2-L24 са обявени за централноазиатски. Huh
Голям смях   Smile
(02-07-2016, 12:24 PM)jingiby Писа: [ -> ]Нещо не ми е ясно защо J2*-M172, E-M78 и J2-L24 са обявени за централноазиатски. Huh

Защото ще ги открият сред "прабългарите". Big Grin Big Grin Big Grin
Би било интересно да се прегледат данните от тези 966 индивида, но за съжаление публикацията е платена. Някой ако има достъп до публикацията от университет или институт, нека прати ДНК данните.
(02-07-2016, 12:52 PM)Trifud Писа: [ -> ]Би било интересно да се прегледат данните от тези 966 индивида, но за съжаление публикацията е платена. Някой ако има достъп до публикацията от университет или институт, нека прати ДНК данните.

Пилар, можеш ли да помолиш Драга Тончева?
4690
(02-07-2016, 12:52 PM)DarkBulgarianSubject Писа: [ -> ]
(02-07-2016, 12:24 PM)jingiby Писа: [ -> ]Нещо не ми е ясно защо J2*-M172, E-M78 и J2-L24 са обявени за централноазиатски. Huh

Защото ще ги открият сред "прабългарите".  Big Grin  Big Grin  Big Grin

Никак не бих се учудил, както и I1
(02-07-2016, 12:52 PM)Trifud Писа: [ -> ]Би било интересно да се прегледат данните от тези 966 индивида, но за съжаление публикацията е платена. Някой ако има достъп до публикацията от университет или институт, нека прати ДНК данните.

По някакъв начин попаднах да 2 картинки от публикацията:

[Снимка: gr1_lrg.jpg]

Fig. 1

A phylogenetic tree of the tested 55 Y-SNP loci.



[Снимка: gr2.jpg]


Fig. 2

Median joining (MJ) networks of the Hungarian speaking, Central and Inner Asian populations compared. (A) MJ network of Y-STRs within E-M78 haplogroup for the populations compared. (B) MJ network of Y-STRs within G2a-P15 haplogroup for the populations compared. © MJ network of Y-STRs within J2*-M172 haplogroup for the populations compared. (D) MJ network of Y-STRs within J2-L24 haplogroup for the populations compared. (E) MJ network of Y-STRs within N1c-Tat haplogroup for the populations compared. (F) MJ network of Y-STRs within Q-M242 haplogroup for the populations compared. (G) MJ network of Y-STRs within R1a-M458 haplogroup for the populations compared. (H) Median-joining network of Y-STRs within R1a-Z93 haplogroup for the populations compared. (I) MJ network of Y-STRs within R1b-P25 haplogroup for the populations compared. The circle sizes are proportional to the haplotype frequencies. The smallest area is equivalent to one individual.
Тези са използвали някаква антична номенклатура за именуване на хаплогрупите. Гледам все пак имат "ht35".
От MJ при ниска резолюция на STR файда никаква.

А с висока не съм видял да са пробвали. Smile
Най разпространенто Е м Европа дори не са го отделили
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